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José Modesto Apolo

Firm: Apolo Attorneys
Country: Ecuador

Practice Area: Trade & Customs

  • Junín 105 y Malecón
    Vista al Río Bldg
    6th Floor
Studies and Degrees

- Bachelor's degree in Social and Political Sciences

- Practicing attorney in the courts of the Republic

- Bachelor's degree in Diplomacy and International Legal Studies

- Doctor of Jurisprudence

- M.A. in International Studies and Diplomacy

- Diploma in English

Professional Positions

Member of the Institute of Maritime History of the Ecuadorian Navy headquartered in Guayaquil, 1983-1987

First Vice Chairman of the International Maritime Arbitration Commission and Legal Committee of the Latin American Shipowners' Association (ALAMAR), based in Montevideo, Uruguay, 1984-1989

Honorary Member of the Regional Academic Council of the Argentine Foundation for Maritime Studies, 1986

Vice President of the Latin American Association of Navigation Law (ALDENAVE), based in Buenos Aires, Argentina, 1987-1997

Board Member of the Institute for Ibero-American Merchant Marine Studies, based in Buenos Aires, Argentina, 1990-1997

Representative of the Latin American Shipowners' Association (ALAMAR) to the Andean Committee of Water Transport Authorities (CAATA), community body of the Andean Community of Nations (CAN)

Founding member of the Arbitration Center of the Guayaquil Chamber of Commerce and Guayaquil Chamber of Commerce arbitrator, 1993-2004

Delegate of the Ecuadorian Federation of Chambers of Commerce to the Coordinating and Implementing Unit of the Port of Guayaquil Modernization Plan (UNCEMP), 1994

Ecuador's business sector representative to the Joint Maritime Commission meeting held at the International Labour Organization (ILO) in Geneva, Switzerland in 1996

President of the Ecuadorian Association of Maritime Law, an affiliate of the International Maritime Committee (IMC), based in Antwerp, Belgium; currently serving

Founder and vice president for Ecuador of the Ibero-American Institute of Maritime Law, an advisory body to the Andean Community of Nations (CAN), the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL) and the International Maritime Organization (IMO) of the United Nations

Regular member of the International Maritime Committee (IMC) based in Antwerp, Belgium, an advisory body to the United Nations

Member of the Publications Commission of the International Maritime Committee

Member of the Planning Committee of the International Maritime Committee

Member of official and private commissions to draw up bills of law and regulations on trade, foreign trade, maritime law, maritime port law and customs law in Ecuador and in various South American countries

Principal Public Service Positions

Member of the National Fisheries Development Council, 1982

Director General of the Ministry of Industries, Trade, Integration and Fisheries for the Coastal Region, 1982

Chairman of the Board of the State National Alcohol Company, 1982

President of the Regional Industrial Development Council, 1982-1983

President of the Regional Small Industry Development Council, 1982-1983

Member of the National Merchant Marine and Ports Council (Marine transport and port regulatory authority), 1982-1983, 1990-1991, 1993, 1995-1997

Acting Under Secretary of Industries of the Ministry of Industries, Trade, Integration and Fisheries in 1983

Member of the Board of the Guayaquil Port Authority, representing the Chambers of Production, 1989, 1991, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1999, 2003

Registered as a Port Expert at the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB)

Member of the Development Council of the Ecuadorian Merchant Marine, 1991

Member of the mission for the development of an assessment of the Ecuadorian port system and drafting of the Regulations of the National Port Administrative Regulation Act, part of the Final Report (Inter-American Development Bank – National Council for State Modernization), 1992-1993

Delegate of the Ecuadorian Federation of Chambers of Commerce to the Coordinating and Implementing Unit of the Port of Guayaquil Modernization Plan (UNCEMP), 1994

Advisor to the Special Committee on Customs, Port and Foreign Trade Affairs of the National Congress of Ecuador, 1994

Chairman of the National Commission for the Modernization of the Customs Service of Ecuador, 1995

Head of the Ecuadorian Delegation to the meetings of the International Coffee Organization and promoter of the Central America, Ecuador and Venezuela Group created under that organization; London, 1995

Representative of the Ministry of Industries, Trade, Integration and Fisheries at the final stage of Ecuador's accession to the World Trade Organization (WTO), 1995

Head of the Ecuadorian delegation that initiated Ecuador–Mexico Bilateral Trade Agreement negotiations, 1995

Deputy Foreign Trade Minister of the Ministry of Industries, Trade, Integration and Fisheries, 1995-1996

Head of the Ecuadorian delegation that attended the preparatory meetings for the Andean Community of Nations (CAN) Trade Agreement with MERCOSUR, 1995-1996

Head of the Ecuadorian negotiating team that took part in the talks on the Free Trade Area of ??the Americas (FTAA), 1996

Head of the Ecuadorian delegation that negotiated the Ecuador–Peru Bilateral Trade Agreement, 1996

Acting Minister of Industries, Trade, Integration and Fisheries, 1996

Chairman of the CAN Alternates Committee (Deputy Ministers of the Andean Community of Nations); Lima, Peru, 1996

Member of the Board of the National Finance Corporation, 1996

Member of the Board of the Latin American Chapter of the American Association of Port Authorities (AAPA), 1997-1998

Principal Member of the Board of the Ecuadorian Customs Corporation, Customs of Ecuador, on behalf of the Ecuadorian National Federation of Chambers of Industry, 2000-2001

Advisor to the President of the Republic of Ecuador, 2005

Secretary General of the Administration of the Republic of Ecuador, 2005

Minister-Secretary General of the Administration of the Republic of Ecuador, 2006

Judiciary Appointments

Ecuadorian Chambers of Production nominee suitably qualified as a candidate in the co-option process to choose the members of the Supreme Court of Ecuador, 2003

Permanent Associate Judge of the Second Judge of the First Civil, Commercial, Tenancy and Waste Materials Division of the Guayaquil Superior Court of Justice, 2004

Private Sector Positions

Director of the Guayaquil Chamber of Industries, 1989-2012

Director of the Ecuadorian–American Chamber of Commerce, 2001-2012

Director of the Guayaquil Chamber of Commerce, 2002-2012

Vice President of the International Chamber of Commerce of Paris (ICC), Ecuador Chapter, 2002-2007

Member of the Executive Committee of the Guayaquil Civic Council, 2008-2010

President of the Study Center for Democracy (CED), 2008-2011

Member of the Board of the Guayaquil Airport Foundation, 2009-2010

President of the International Chamber of Commerce of Paris (ICC), Ecuador Chapter, 2008-2011

Academic Positions

Professor of Maritime Law at the Naval War College in Guayaquil, Ecuador, 1989-1992

Professor of National and International Shipping Law (Maritime Law) at the School of Law, Policy and Development at Espíritu Santo University in Guayaquil, since 2000

Director of Graduate Studies in National and International Shipping Law at the School of Law, Policy and Development at Espíritu Santo University in Guayaquil, 2001

Positions in the Area of Social Service

Member of the National Board of Trustees of the Ecuadorian Society for the Fight Against Cancer (SOLCA), since 2001

Vice Chairman of the National Board of Trustees of the Ecuadorian Society for the Fight Against Cancer (SOLCA), 2010-2011

President of the Ecuadorian Foundation Against Cancer (FUNDECANCER), 2003-2014

Major Publications, Articles and Newspaper Writing

ALAMAR articles; Montevideo, Uruguay

Occasional editorial section writer, El Universo newspaper; Guayaquil, 1990-1995

Official columnist, Economic Section - Foreign Trade Area (Mundo Económico) of El Universo newspaper; Guayaquil, 1994-1995

Revision and update of the work “La sana crítica en la prueba testimonial” [Sound judicial discretion in testimonial evidence] by Dr. Modesto Apolo Ramírez, 1993

Book: Los Puertos y la Modernización [Ports and Modernization], 1994

Director of the "Perfiles" [Profiles] television program, ETV Telerama, 2004-2005

Essay “Embargo Preventivo de Buques en la Comunidad Andina” [Arrest of Ships in the Andean Community], in a book tribute to Professor Francesco Berlingieri; Genoa, Italy, 2010

Jurisprudencia Marítima [Maritime Jurisprudence], in English and Spanish (in press)

Essay “El Transporte Multimodal en la Comunidad Andina de Naciones” [Multimodal Transport in the Andean Community of Nations], in Derecho Marítimo Iberoamericano [Ibero-American Maritime Law], Volume I, 2013

Major Awards and Honors

Distinguished Visitor Certificate from the City of Miami, Florida, U.S.A., awarded by the Mayor of the City, 1975

Declared an Illustrious Guest of the City of Pisco by the Honorable Provincial Municipality of Pisco, Peru, 1994

Labor Merit Decoration for Meritorious Service rendered in the field of labor, bestowed by the Ecuadorian Government, 1995

First Class National Decoration bestowed by the Ecuadorian Government Port System, 1995

Decorated as a Grand Officer of the National Order of Merit by the Ecuadorian Government, 1996

Decorated as a Grand Officer of the Maritime Chamber of Ecuador by the Board of the Chamber of Shipping of Ecuador (CAMAE), 1999

"Knight of the Atahualpa Order of Merit" bestowed by the Republic of Ecuador, 2001

National Congress Accord in recognition for 30 years of professional practice in the service of the law, 2003

National Decoration as a Grand Officer of the Order of San Lorenzo bestowed by the Government of Ecuador, 2007

The Grand Olympic Silver Cross Award bestowed by the Ecuadorian Olympic Committee, 2010

The Holy See's Pontifical Equestrian Order of St. Gregory the Great, Commander Class, bestowed by the Vatican; Rome, Italy, 2012







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