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  • ECJ on infringements of geographical indications

    ECJ on infringements of geographical indications

    Published: 05 Oct 2018

    According to a ruling of the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) from 7 June 2018, an association with a protected indication is not by itself sufficient to infringe the registered geographical indication (Az.: C-44/17). As in the case of word marks or figurative marks, it is also possible to obtain trade mark protection for geographical indication of origin. Consumers may make certain ...

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  • REGISTERING ONLINE EXCHANGER OR CRYPTOCURENCY EXCHANGE IN POLAND. REGULATION OF CRYPTOCURRENCY IN POLAND

    REGISTERING ONLINE EXCHANGER OR CRYPTOCURENCY EXCHANGE IN POLAND. REGULATION OF CRYPTOCURRENCY IN POLAND

    Published: 04 Oct 2018

    FEATURES AND BENEFITS OF REGISTERING A CRYPTO-EXCHANGER AND CRYPTO-EXCHANGE IN POLAND Crypto-exchangers and crypto-exchanges are registered in Poland under the general rules for the registration of companies in Poland. To register a crypto-exchanger and crypto-exchange in Poland, it is necessary to select and check whether the name is free, to collect the necessary package of documents, and to p...

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  • REGISTERING ONLINE EXCHANGER OR CRYPTOCURENCY EXCHANGE IN POLAND. REGULATION OF CRYPTOCURRENCY IN POLAND

    REGISTERING ONLINE EXCHANGER OR CRYPTOCURENCY EXCHANGE IN POLAND. REGULATION OF CRYPTOCURRENCY IN POLAND

    Published: 04 Oct 2018

    FEATURES AND BENEFITS OF REGISTERING A CRYPTO-EXCHANGER AND CRYPTO-EXCHANGE IN POLAND Crypto-exchangers and crypto-exchanges are registered in Poland under the general rules for the registration of companies in Poland. To register a crypto-exchanger and crypto-exchange in Poland, it is necessary to select and check whether the name is free, to collect the necessary package of documents, and to p...

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  • ECJ – Red shoe soles can be protected as trade marks

    ECJ – Red shoe soles can be protected as trade marks

    Published: 04 Oct 2018

    Red shoe soles can be protected as trade marks. That was the verdict of the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) in a ruling from 12 June 2018 (Az.: C-163/16). They do not fall within the ambit of the prohibition on registering shapes. There are a number of possible obstacles to registering a trade mark. According to one EU directive, a sign cannot be protected under trade mark law if, a...

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  • Bundeskartellamt imposes fines for illegal price-fixing agreements

    Bundeskartellamt imposes fines for illegal price-fixing agreements

    Published: 03 Oct 2018

    Germany’s Federal Cartel Office, the Bundeskartellamt, has imposed fines totaling 13.2 million euros on two packaging firms due to illegal price-fixing agreements. The companies had been supplying a commercial chain. According to the Gesetz gegen Wettbewerbsbeschränkungen (GWB), the German Act Against Restraints of Competition, agreements between companies or “undertakings” that restrict or...

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  • LAG Köln – Managing directors cannot claim protection against unfair dismissal

    LAG Köln – Managing directors cannot claim protection against unfair dismissal

    Published: 02 Oct 2018

    A managing director cannot claim protection against unfair dismissal if he or she is under no power of direction when working. In that case, he or she is not to be classified as an employee according to a ruling of the Landesarbeitsgericht (LAG) Köln, Cologne’s Regional Labour Court. Managing directors are appointed to and removed from their post by way of a shareholders’ resolution. At the...

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  • BGH – Advertising featuring health claims

    BGH – Advertising featuring health claims

    Published: 01 Oct 2018

    Health claims in relation to foods and foodstuffs are only permitted if they do not violate the Health Claims Regulation. This was reaffirmed by the Bundesgerichtshof (BGH), Germany’s Federal Supreme Court (Az.: I ZR 167/16). When it comes to advertising on foods and foodstuffs featuring health claims, businesses need to make sure that the statements comply with the Health Claims Regulation. The...

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  • BGH – Resale price maintenance is an unlawful restriction of competition

    BGH – Resale price maintenance is an unlawful restriction of competition

    Published: 28 Sep 2018

    Resale price maintenance restricts competition and therefore usually constitutes a violation of antitrust law. This was reaffirmed by the Bundesgerichtshof (BGH), Germany’s Federal Supreme Court, in a ruling from October 17, 2017 (Az.: KZR 59/16). In the case of resale price maintenance, manufacturers obligate their buyers to sell goods at a fixed price or not to go below a minimum price. We at ...

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